The vinification is equally traditional: the grapes are destemmed 100%, there is a cold maceration extending at times to five days, the cuvaison unfolds over a 15 to 21 day period (depending on the “cru” and the vintage) under temperature-controlled conditions; the wine is then racked into barrel where the malo-lactic fermentation occurs and the wines are aged for approximately 16 months on the fine lees in small oak barrels (a certain percentage of which is new – more new oak for the more important, structured cuvées) before being bottled without filtration. The domaine recommends that their wines be decanted before service.
The Domaine Harmand-Geoffroy offers us the opportunity to immerse ourselves in the terroir of Gevrey Chambertin as the range of wines covers many of the most important vineyard sites in this fabled village.
|Bourgogne “La Nouroy”: From a quarter-hectare parcel of 30 plus year-old vines planted on the eastern side of the village of Gevrey; vinified a la the family method just like the more prominent appellations with a long, slow fermentation to obtain the fine extracts of pinot noir; this tiny parcel produces just enough wine to afford us access to 100 cases or so per year.|
|Gevrey Chambertin: An “uber-classic” Gevrey sourced from multiple small parcels (covering more than four hectares) throughout the village which enables the wine to capture the true nature of this grand appellation; the youngest vines for this cuvée are 25 years of age with the oldest being 80 years old (calculated as of 2011). Rich, yet graceful, this Gevrey shows the wild berry fruit and charming rusticity that are the hallmarks of true Gevrey Chambertin. Depending on harvest levels, there are 100 to 200 cases available annually for the US market.|
|Gevrey Chambertin En Jouise: A lovely wine produced from very old vines (between 60 and 80 years of age); this parcel sits beneath and to the side of Clos Prieur and like its relative neighbors, e.g. Mazis Chambertin, it is a wine of finesse and elegance with silky tannins and a more openly fruity approach. The domaine owns a bit more than a hectare of “En Jouise” making this one of the more important cuvées of the domaine. On an annual basis, we purchase three barrels (900 bottles/75 cases) for the US market.|
|Gevrey Chambertin Vieilles Vignes: As is the case with almost every wine that issues from the Harmand-Geoffroy cellars, this cuvée is the product of very old vines; in this instance, the vines were planted 50 to 80 years ago (as of 2011). The result is one of the most powerful wines in the cellar that shows dark, almost somber fruit, a wine that is reticent in its youth and quite profound with seven to ten years of age. The parcels for this wine (En Champs, Champerrier, Combes du Dessus) are situated just beneath the fine 1er Cru “Les Champeaux” and the wine reflects the sturdy, complex aspect of the vines on the north side of Gevrey, the Brochon side.|
|Gevrey Chambertin Clos Prieur: This wine is from a contiguous parcel that sits astride the Clos Prieur du Haut (classified 1er Cru) and the Clos Prieur du Bas (classified as a village wine); rather than create two tiny cuvées, the domaine prefers to blend the two to make an extra-fine village wine from the lieu-dit “Clos Prieur”. Harmand-Geoffroy owns a bit less than a half-hectare of vineyards in Clos Prieur and the vines therein were planted between 50 and 80 years ago (dated as of 2011). In our opinion, this is one of the finest village wines available from Gevrey; it is elegant yet powerful with a compelling density and ripe, sweet tannins. We consider ourselves fortunate to have access to at least a single barrel (300 bottles) per annum (and we occasionally press our luck and bottle some magnums to extend our holdings of this outstanding wine).|
|Gevrey Chambertin 1er Cru La Bossiere (monopole): The entirety of this tiny premier cru belongs to the Harmand-Geoffroy. It is situated at the top of the Combe de Lavaux in the northern tier of Gevrey Chambertin in a zone that is slightly colder in climate; thus, the wine is often elegant and austere with notes of wild berries being dominant. This vineyard, encompassing slightly less than a half-hectare, has some of the youngest vines of the domaine (25 years of age as of 2011) and it will continue to gain in importance and depth as these vines age. A source of only 300 bottles for the US market annually.|
|Gevrey Chambertin 1er Cru La Perriere: This premier cru is located just beneath Mazis Chambertin in the southern tier of Gevrey, a zone which typically provides wines of finesse that are graced by silky tannins. Here, we have a wine frequently marked by red fruits, rather than black; a seductive wine of excellent balance. Production is very limited as the Domaine Harmand-Geoffroy owns a mere 3/10 of a hectare; the vines are 45 years of age (as of 2011). We import 300 bottles per year for the US market.|
|Gevrey 1er Cru Lavaux Saint Jacques: This fabled vineyard site, sitting in the heart of the Combe de Lavaux, produces a wine of great breadth and depth with wild berry notes (both red and black), ample body and formidable age-ability. The domaine works almost 7/10 of a hectare, making this 1er Cru one of the most important holdings for Harmand-Geoffroy. The vines were planted between 40 and 90 years ago (as of 2011) so yields are small and the juice quite concentrated. We have access to three barrels plus (900 bottles and some magnums) every vintage.|
|Gevrey Chambertin 1er Cru Les Champeaux: Situated on a rocky face high on the Combe de Lavaux in the northwestern sector of Gevrey Chambertin, the Champeaux produces a wine of great nobility and complexity. The Harmand-Geoffroy domaine exploits a mere 2/10 of a hectare of vines in Champeaux, some of which were planted 80 years ago (as of 2011). We consider this lieu-dit to be amongst the very finest sites in this renowned appellation. We import a mere 300 bottles of this wine annually for the US market.|
|Mazis Chambertin Grand Cru: The Harmand-Geoffroy domaine works a substantial section of this fine Grand Cru … over three-quarters of a hectare. The vines are between 40 and 70 years of age (as of 2011); they face east and sit on well-drained, marne-infused soil. As is often the case with the Grand Crus in this southern tier of Gevrey, this wine, although powerful, is distinguished and fine with notes of raspberry and red cherry fruit in its youth supplemented with the aromas of violet, rose and clove; a more wild side emerges as the wine ages and pepper, licorice and leather add nuance to this beautiful beast. We import between three and four barrels per annum for the US market (900 bottles plus a significant number of magnums).|
|Domaine Name||EARL DOMAINE HARMAND-GEOFFROY|
|How many years has the family owned the domaine?||End of the 19th century|
|How many generations?||5th generation|
|How many hectares of vines are leased?||2.5 ha|
|How many hectares of vines are owned?||6.5 ha|
|Are your vineyards or wines Organic or Biodynamic Certified? If yes, in the EU? In the US? If no, are you in the process of becoming certified? When?||Lutte raisonnée|
|Describe your vineyard management practices (e.g. low-intervention, organic, biodynamic, standard, etc.).||The work in the vineyards is done mainly by hand|
|PLEASE ALSO ADDRESS THE FOLLOWING IN YOUR REPLY:||Manual grape harvest|
|Do you do field work and harvest manually? By machine? By horse?||Green harvest with little leaf thinning|
|Do you practice green harvest? Leaf thinning?||We do not use fertilizer|
|Do you typically sell or buy any grapes? Please specify.||We do not buy grapes.|
|Do you sell off any of your wine en vrac/allo sfuso?||We do not sell in bulk|
|GEVREY VILLAGES ET 1ER CRU 13°|
|MAZIS GRAND CRU 13.5°|
|# of bottles produced||45000|
|Grams of Residual Sugar||0|
|VINEYARD AND GROWING INFORMATION|
|Average Vine Density (vines/HA)||11,000 vines per hectare|
|Approximate harvest date(s)||2009 = Sept. 12, ‘09|
|2010 = Sept. 25, ‘10|
|2011 = Sept. 3, ‘11|
|2012 = Sept. 22, ‘12|
|2013 = Oct. 5, ‘13|
|2014 = Sept. 13, ‘14|
|2015 = Sept. 5, ‘15|
|2016 = Sept. 24, ‘16|
|PLEASE SHARE ANY NOTES ABOUT HARVEST/GROWING SEASON FOR THIS WINE IN THIS VINTAGE||MAZIS-CHAMBERTIN GRAND CRU|
|HOW DOES IT COMPARE TO PREVIOUS VINTAGES?||From its terroir of marls bajociennes, with full exposure to the East, well drained, enjoying a very favorable microclimate, the Mazis Chambertin draws powerful aromas, complex and always very distinguished. It evokes red fruits (red raspberry, cherry..) flowers (violets, roses, gillyflowers..) pepper and liquorice. With age, it delivers a nose of leather and sumptuous venison. Great to cellar at least 10 to 20 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN 1 ER CRU LA BOSSIERE Monopole||Nestled in the heart of the valley of Lavaux, the 1er cru BOSSIERE gives birth to a very typical wine, with aromas of small wild fruits (blackberry, wild strawberry..) which results in a round subtle wine with a beautiful structure. Keep for 6 to 10 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN 1 ER CRU LES CHAMPEAUX||Located on the rock, the 1er cru has a ruby color, aromas of violet and red fruit, ample, round full-bodied and spicy in the mouth. Cellar 8 to15 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN 1 ER CRU LAVAUX ST JACQUES||In the valley of Lavaux, this 1er cru reveals aromas of red fruit with a wild side, ample, round and robust in the mouth. Cellar 8 to 15 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN 1 ER CRU LA PERRIERE||Below the Mazis-Chambertin, this 1er cru is distinguished by its nose of red fruit (Morello cherry) as well as of floral notes, the wine is long and silky in the mouth with fine tannins. Cellar 7 to 12 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN CLOS PRIEUR||Also located below Mazis-Chambertin, the Clos Prieur is elegance itself. Brilliant and deep robe, nose of blackcurrant, cherry, gillyflower, licorice, dense mouth and fine silky tannins. Keep 5 to 10 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN EN JOUISE||From plots of old vines, this wine expresses itself by its Morello cherries side with a very nice long finish in the mouth. Keep 5 to 10 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN VIEILLES VIGNES||Selection of plots of 50 to 80 years located below Champeaux, which gives a powerful and complex wine with spicy notes and fine tannins. Keep 7 to 12 years.|
|GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN||It is in the blend of the different parcels located at the foot of its elders that the Gevrey-Chambertin acquires a power which never masks its fineness. Rich and fruity aromas. Keep 5 to 10 years.|
|BOURGOGNE ROUGE||Adjacent to the Gevrey-Chambertin, this wine is distinguished by its fruitiness and is enjoyed young.|
|% whole cluster, % destemmed||100% destemmed|
|Fermentation: vessel type and size||Fermentation in stainless steel and concrete tanks|
|Duration of cuvaison||21 days|
|Duration of contact with lees||12 to 16 months|
|Select or indigenous yeast?||100% indigenous yeasts|
|Please share notes about winemaking process. PLEASE ADDRESS THE FOLLOWING, IF APPLICABLE: pump-overs, punch-downs, racking, movement/transfer of wine done by gravity or pumping?), battonnage, malolactic fermentation allowed, chaptalization||Pump-overs, Punch-downs, Rackings, Chaptalisation, Malolactic in barrel|
|Elevage: vessel type(s) and size(s)||Wood|
|Duration of elevage||12 to 16 months|
|Duration of bottle ageing before release to US market||6 months|
|Do you practice fining and filtration?||Not fined, Not filtered|
|Do you add sulfur? If so when and how much? How much sulfur remains in the wine at release?||Harvests, After malo, Before bottling, 20mg/l of free So2|
Domaine Harmand-Geoffroy’s 2015s
A New Summit
Gevrey-Chambertin accounts for the largest surface area under vine in the entire Cote de Nuits, and it can be challenging to get a handle on its broad range of terroirs. How fortunate we at Rosenthal Wine Merchant are, then, to work with Harmand-Geoffroy—a long-established domaine whose enviable holdings lie entirely within the limits of Gevrey, yet encompass so many different iterations of its varied soils and expositions. With this offering, the opportunity to explore and understand the intricacies and delights of the wines of this vaunted terrain are before you in stark relief.
The Harmand-Geoffroy family has worked the land in Gevrey-Chambertin since the end of the 19thcentury, and today the nine-hectare domaine is undergoing a passing of the torch from father Gerard to son Philippe. Although their wines have always displayed an attractively unforced classicism—a 1993 “Clos Prieur” served blind last year was everything one could ask for in mature red Burgundy—they have made notable strides in terms of precision, balance, and expressiveness over the past five years, due in large part to improvements in their cellar work: employing better temperature control during fermentation; managing extraction with greater gentleness and sensitivity; eschewing pumping and moving the wines by gravity only; and refining their oak sources and barrel regimens. The wines today express the telltale meat-and-mineral core of Gevrey-Chambertin with a combination of robust power and an almost glowing clarity of fruit, and the widely varying terroirs are always vividly differentiated, even in the richest of vintages. The vast majority of Harmand-Geoffroy’s holdings are between 55 and 95 years of age (some are even older), and the wines offer a wonderful concentration commensurate with these extremely old, low-yielding vines. Add to that the fact that the family vineyards sweep across the entirety of the appellation from north to south thus providing a rare and breath-taking immersion into the fabled terroir of Gevrey Chambertin.
The imminently arriving 2015s offer the experience of a domaine bringing to bear their significantly improved methodology on a vintage of thrilling quality and enormous potential. Philippe judged the timing of his harvest perfectly, picking between the 5th and 11th of September—slightly early, to preserve acidity—and narrowly escaping an intense rainstorm that took place on the 12th. The fruit was in impeccable condition, although the exceedingly dry growing season resulted in thick-skinned grapes with miserly quantities of juice, resulting in an overall 20% reduction in yields. Philippe was careful not to over-extract, given the potential for such thick-skinned fruit to translate into extremely tannic wines, and indeed the 2015s from Harmand-Geoffroy are harmonious and lovely despite their richness. They are undoubtedly the greatest wines we have ever had the pleasure of purchasing from this domaine, and the wise among you will take happy advantage of their relatively open availability—a scenario which surely will not last, given the level at which Philippe is operating today.
Produced from four hectares’ worth of small parcels scattered throughout the village, Harmand’s Gevrey-Chambertin boasts a vine age of up to 80 years. Old-vine sappiness dominates the palate of this 2015, with thick, kirsch-like fruit, and an unabashed warm-earth element—true, visceral Gevrey-Chambertin with an appealingly old-school bent. 20% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin “En Jouise”
“En Jouise” is situated just about dead-center in the appellation, downslope from the village itself and adjacent to “Clos Prieur” (see below). The Harmands exploit a solid hectare here, and the wine they wrest from their 60 to 80-year-old vines is always a standout in the cellar. Higher-toned than the Gevrey-Chambertin above, with a greater sense of precision, this 2015 nonetheless offers formidable stuffing and sap as befitting these elderly vines. 30% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin “Clos Prieur”
“Clos Prieur” is one of those vineyards that makes the complexity of Burgundy’s classification system feel almost like a practical joke: part of it is classified as premier cru (and sits just underneath Mazis-Chambertin on the slope), and the other (lower) part is classified as villages. If that weren’t enough, Harmand-Geoffroy’s half-hectare parcel here actually straddles the boundary, with two thirds of it in premier cru territory and one third in villages. But, rather than produce two separate cuvees from this single contiguous holding, they make one wine—a villages in name but a premier cru in personality. Here, minerality comes to the fore, and the palate is no less rich but is more chiseled than the above wines, with a more umami-like sense of earthiness. 40% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin “Vieilles Vignes”
This standout cuvee is a blend of holdings in three different lieux-dits—Champerrier, Combe du Dessus, and En Champs—which sit just below the great premier cru “Les Champeaux” (see below). Harmand’s 55 to 85-year-old vines here imbue the wine with a powerful sappiness, an extra layer of density and concentration. The 2015 displays a striking inner-mouth perfume and a gorgeous floral overlay which nicely counterbalances its firmly structured, densely fruited personality. 30% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru “La Perriere”
The first stop on Harmand-Geoffroy’s tour of Gevrey premier crus, “La Perriere” is nestled just below grand cru Mazis-Chambertin on the slope, immediately north of the premier cru section of “Clos Prieur.” The family owns a third of a hectare of 50-year-old vines here, which typically yield a chiseled wine of great finesse. Indeed, the 2015 shows a markedly cool personality for the vintage, with a lifted impression of menthol and exotic spices on the nose, and a driving, red-fruit-dominated palate. 40% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru “La Bossiere – Monopole”
A unique and striking wine in the Harmand-Geoffroy arsenal, “La Bossiere” is a 0.45 premier cru—the smallest premier cru in Gevrey—situated at the very top of the Combe de Lavaux, a parcel owned in its entirety by the Harmand family. At this extreme part of the slope, nearly nonexistent topsoil and a cooler average temperature tend to lead to a wine of drive and focus rather than sheer power. In 2015, this shows the vintage’s succulence and is perhaps slightly less racy than usual, but it finds a real sweet spot between fruit and acidity, shimmering with tension on the long, penetrating finish. 40% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru “Les Champeaux”
“Les Champeaux” rests at the northernmost limit of Gevrey-Chambertin, high up on the hard and thin-soiled bedrock of the Combe de Lavaux. In an appellation of many outstanding crus, Champeaux ranks among the very best and most striking. The Harmands exploit a mere 0.2-hectare plot here, and their 85-year-old vines always produce one of the highlights of their cellar. The 2015 shows more obvious structure than the preceding wines (as befits the terroir), with focused, dark red fruits framing an intensely concentrated palate of almost forbidding minerality. 50% new oak.
2015 Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru “Lavaux Saint Jacques”
Nestled in the heart of the Combe de Lavaux, “Lavaux Saint Jacques” is one of the more famous and coveted sites in the appellation, and for good reason—it encompasses a panoply of seemingly at-odds characteristics with ease, and many consider it a grand cru in all but name. The Harmand family is fortunate to work three quarters of a hectare here, with vines between 45 and 95 years of age. This 2015 combines the intensity of the “Champeaux” above with a more profoundly gamy core, and it displays a level of refinement that is almost startling considering the massive scale of the wine. The palate displays grand-cru-like density and length, and this will prove ravishing in time. 50% new oak.
2015 Mazis-Chambertin Grand Cru
Harmand-Geoffroy exploits over three quarters of a hectare in this great vineyard that lies just north of Clos de Beze and just below Ruchottes-Chambertin on the prime fillet of Gevrey-Chambertin grand cru turf. Produced from vines between 45 and 75 years of age, the Mazis-Chambertin is always the firmest and most youthfully reticent wine in the cellar. This 2015 is positively explosive, brimming with spices both musky and fresh, and offering a kirsch-like core of fruit that completely coats the immense tannins lurking below the surface. The palate unfolds slowly and regally, with great persistence and an underlying sense of energy that speaks to both the quality of the vintage and the skill with which Harmand rendered it.